Position, altitude, and orography of the Český Krumlov Region

The Český Krumlov region is located in the southernmost part of the Czech Republic (the southernmost point of the Czech Republic is near the borderline crossing Studánky) and borders with Austria. From the bio-geographic point of clasification the region as well as the whole of the Czech Republic belong to the palearctic zone and the biom of the deciduous forests, latitude moderate. The development of the local landscape has always been heavily influenced by the proximity of the Alps, (partly also by the valley of Danube and the Panonian lowland), the neighbouring Šumava range and perviousness to the České Budějovice basin through the Vltava River valley. This function is not limited to the influences weather, as the Český Krumlov region has been a continuous crossing for many species of fauna and flora that migrated through this territory, depending on the changes in temperature and humidity which took place in and between recent ice ages. Thus there came to be plants here such as soldanella (Soldanella montana), hellebore (Veratrum album), fritillary (Proclossiana eunomia) and many other migrants from the Alps. For example Galeobdolon luteum came here from the fold of Bohemia in the same way.

Vltava river canyon near Dívčí Kámen, foto: Václav Dolanský

Height Above Sea Level:
The highest point of the district is the border mountain Smrčina (1332 m) in the Trojmezenská range, while its peak in Austria (where a cross stands) is 6 m higher. The lowest point (420 m) is located near the village of Vrabce at a place where the Vltava River flows across the border of the district. This vertical difference of 900 meters provides for a good basis for the creation of a colorful mosaic of varied outposts and thus a variety of plants and animals. Highlands and damp peateries became homes for some cold-attracted species that were migrating north after the last ice age together with the retreating iceberg (glacial relicts).

The variety of the landscape in the Český Krumlov region is also rooted in its jagged surface. Aside from the ranges of the Šumava and Novohradské Mountains, we find here large plateaus, rivers creating deep-cut canyons and wide leas. The wide rocky terrain neighbours with a soft agricultural landscape full of fields and meadows.

 Kamenec, the highest peak of Czech part of Novohradské mountain, foto: Václav Dolanský
The southwest area is filled by the Šumava range (the German part is called Bayerischer Wald and in Austria it is known as Böhmerwald) and its submontane. The highest peak of this border range (Trojmezenská Mountains) is mount Plechý (1378 m). Other well-known peaks are Třístoličník (1302 m), Trojmezná (1361 m) while the highest peak of the Český Krumlov district is Smrčina (1332 m). An inland range (Boubínská Mountains) has its highest mountain as Boubín (1362 m). The range Želnavská Mountains with the highest peaks Lysá (1228 m), Knížecí stolec (1226 m), Špičák (1221 m), and Chlum (1191 m), well visible from Český Krumlov, runs parallel to the left side of Lipno (Vltavická brázda). Unfortunately, these four peaks are in a military area and therefore not accessible. Trojmezenská range continues in the southeast as the Svatotomášské Range with the popular highest peak Vítkův Kámen (1035 m). Then Vyšebrodský pass and Kaplická gap follow and the ladscape ascends into submontane of Novohradské Mountains (the most distinct part is Soběnovská Higlands, locally known as the Chicken Mountains, with peak Kohout (Rooster, 870 m) and into the range Novohradské Mountainsitself (Kamenec 1072 m in the Czech territory; Novohradské Mountains are called Freiwald in Austria and the highest peak there is Viehberg at 1112 m). The most popular peaks are Kraví hora 952 m, Mount Kuní 924 m and Vysoká 1033 m because of their beautiful panoramas and marked tourist trails leading through the area.

The area between the Lipno and the Český Krumlov regions is filled by the Českokrumlovská Higlands with distinct damp peat plateaus near the Světlík; its eastern border is marked by deeply cut watercourse of Vltava river. There is Rojovský range on the right bank (Poluška 919 m). Range Prachatická Highlands is further north with the highest peak Libín 1096 m. Only the eastern part, the granulitic massif Blanský Forest divided by the gap of Lhenice, belongs to the described area. Mount Kleť (1084 m) is the highest, most distinct and visited peak near the district town and offers a beautiful panoramic view of the Alps and Šumava and far off to the České Budějovice basin.


Further information :
Description of Natural Conditions in the Český Krumlov Region


© Sdružení Oficiálního informačního systému Český Krumlov, 2000
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