The Český Krumlov region is located in the southernmost part of the Czech Republic (the southernmost point of the Czech Republic is near the borderline crossing Studánky) and borders with Austria. From the bio-geographic point of clasification the region as well as the whole of the Czech Republic belong to the palearctic zone and the biom of the deciduous forests, latitude moderate. The development of the local landscape has always been heavily influenced by the proximity of the Alps, (partly also by the valley of Danube and the Panonian lowland), the neighbouring Šumava range and perviousness to the České Budějovice basin through the Vltava River valley. This function is not limited to the influences weather, as the Český Krumlov region has been a continuous crossing for many species of fauna and flora that migrated through this territory, depending on the changes in temperature and humidity which took place in and between recent ice ages. Thus there came to be plants here such as soldanella (Soldanella montana), hellebore (Veratrum album), fritillary (Proclossiana eunomia) and many other migrants from the Alps. For example Galeobdolon luteum came here from the fold of Bohemia in the same way.
Height Above Sea Level:
The highest point of the district is the border mountain Smrčina (1332 m) in the Trojmezenská range, while its peak in Austria (where a cross stands) is 6 m higher. The lowest point (420 m) is located near the village of Vrabce at a place where the Vltava River flows across the border of the district. This vertical difference of 900 meters provides for a good basis for the creation of a colorful mosaic of varied outposts and thus a variety of plants and animals. Highlands and damp peateries became homes for some cold-attracted species that were migrating north after the last ice age together with the retreating iceberg (glacial relicts).
The variety of the landscape in the Český Krumlov region is also rooted in its jagged surface. Aside from the ranges of the Šumava and Novohradské Mountains, we find here large plateaus, rivers creating deep-cut canyons and wide leas. The wide rocky terrain neighbours with a soft agricultural landscape full of fields and meadows.
The area between the Lipno and the Český Krumlov regions is filled by the Českokrumlovská Higlands with distinct damp peat plateaus near the Světlík; its eastern border is marked by deeply cut watercourse of Vltava river. There is Rojovský range on the right bank (Poluška 919 m). Range Prachatická Highlands is further north with the highest peak Libín 1096 m. Only the eastern part, the granulitic massif Blanský Forest divided by the gap of Lhenice, belongs to the described area. Mount Kleť (1084 m) is the highest, most distinct and visited peak near the district town and offers a beautiful panoramic view of the Alps and Šumava and far off to the České Budějovice basin.
Further information :
Description of Natural Conditions in the Český Krumlov Region