|General Description of the Český Krumlov Region|
The Český Krumlov Region is one of the largest areas in Middle Europe still remaining untouched by civilisation in the negative sense. The Novohradské Mountains and Šumava are a part of the "Green Roof of Europe", which means they are areas of outstanding natural value. The natural beauty of this region forms its basic attraction for many tourists and visitors.
The Český Krumlov Region is a paradise for tourists of all ages, satisfying everyone with its superb selection of activities. It is predestined to be a centre for tourists and cyclists on international routes due to its position on the border of three international regions - Bohemia, Austria, and Bavaria. Many people enjoy canoeing on the Vltava river and water sports on the Lipno lake. There many possibilities for sports even in winter.
Many buildings, secular and ecclesiastical, remind us of past ages here. The monasteries in Zlatá Koruna and Vyšší Brod are of immense cultural and historical value. The pilgrimage site Kájov near Český Krumlov is also very interesting. Literally a magnet for visitors is the cradle of the lords of the red five-petalled rose - the castle Rožmberk nad Vltavou. Also worth mentioning is one of the largest castle ruins in Bohemia - Dívčí Kámen. (see Architecture in the Český Krumlov Region).
The greatest jewel of the region is a unique architectural and urbanistic complex - the city of Český Krumlov, which was added to the List of the world's natural and cultural heritage UNESCO in 1992. The castle in Český Krumlov, founded in the 13th century, is the second largest in Bohemia. The city is a centre for travel as well as cultural and social events.
The administrative area of the Český Krumlov District is a typical border region, situated in the most southern part of the Republic. It borders with the České Budějovice Region in the north and north-east, and the Prachatice Region in the north-west. The south-west, south, and east border is 80 km long, and identical with the state border of Austria. The area of the region is 1615 km2, it is the third largest in South Bohemia (it forms 14,3% of the area).
The Region is highly varied from the geological, climatic, animal and plant point of view. The geological structure of the region is very diverse. The whole area is a part of the Šumava, which belongs to the orographical system Jihočeská vysočina (South Bohemian Highlands). The Novohradské Mountains form a separate group in the south-east of the region. The most important highlands are the Krumlovská vrchovina in the south and south-west, and the Prachatická vrchovina in the north and north-west part of the region, which contains some quite high peaks in the area of Blanský Forest - Kleť Mountain (1084 m above sea level). Other morphologically important mountains are the Poluška in the middle, and Soběnovská vrchovina (also called the Hen Mountains) in the east part of the region. The highest peak of the region is the Šumava mountain Smrčina (1332 m above sea level), which is at the west border with Austria. The lowest point of the region is the place where the river Vltava leaves it near Pozděraz, 420 m above sea level. The average height in the region is about 690 m above sea level.
A major part of the region belongs to the catchment area of the Vltava river, just a small part in the south and south-west is in the Donau catchment area. The main stream of the east part of the area is the river Malše, which collects water from the Novohradské mountains. There are no natural still waters in the region, and only very few ponds. Olšina is the largest (133 ha). It is also the highest placed pond in the Czech Republic (731 m above sea level). There are several water reservoirs, the most important of them being the Lipno Dam. It is 44 km long and at some places 16 km wide. Under the dike, 150 m under ground level, is the turbine of the hydro-power plant. Lipno and its surroundings have become a popular recreation centre for summer recreational activities.
From the climatic point of view, the region can be divided into two parts: the first is the larger and is positioned in the colder area, the second is in the medium warm area. (see Climatic Conditions in the Český Krumlov Region).
All the South Bohemian regions are typified by a high level of environmental cleanliness, and Český Krumlov belongs to the best rated areas of all. There are of course some localities, like larger cities positioned in river valleys, where the pollution reaches unfavourable levels, especially in winter.
The variety of natural systems was confirmed by the announcement of the Šumava National Park and Nature Reserve, and the Blanský Forest Nature Reserve. Another Protected Area has been suggested in the Novohradské Mountains. The network of protected areas is completed by more than 40 natural preserves and monuments, like Rock Formations Čertova stěna and Luč, the National Preserve Vyšenské Hills, and Velká Niva. The oldest protected area in the Czech Republic is the Primeval Forest Žofín, founded in 1838, which is of immense scientific importance and is now closed to the public.
The Český Krumlov region is both agricultural and industrial. The most important industries are those of paper and cellulose manufacture (Jihočeské papírny, a.s., Větřní), the machine industry (Jihostroj, a.s., Velešín), and the construction industry. Graphite and granulite are mined here, as are smaller amounts of peat-bog.
The agricultural production concentrates on cow breeding, and growing cereals and fodder plants. The agriculture operates within about 58,000 ha of land, out of which about 34,000 ha is arable land. At present both state and private workers participate in agricultural production.
The forests of the region are also very important. The forested land is on the area of over 70 000 ha, which is 47 % of the total area of the region.
The international route E55 goes through the region. It begins in North Bohemia, and continues to Dolní Dvořiště, where there is the border crossing to Austria (Wullowitz). The total length of the road network is about 700 km. The railway connections are represented by two railway lines: České Budějovice - Černý Kříž, and České Budějovice - Horní Dvořiště (railway border crossing to Austria - Summerau, continuing to Linz) with a branch of the electrified railway from Rybník to the station Lipno nad Vltavou (Electrical Railway Rybník - Lipno). Bus service is provided by nine companies. The closest airport is in Linz in Austria (about 85 km), and in our Republic in Prague (about 175 km). In season it is possible to use the services of boat transport, and three ferries at the Lipno lake.
Further information :
Touch-sensitive Map of the Český Krumlov Region
Information Service of the Český Krumlov Region
Places of Interest in the Český Krumlov Region
History of the Český Krumlov Region
General Description of Český Krumlov