Land and Nature Protection in the Český Krumlov Region

The conservation of nature and landscape in the Czech Republic is ruled by law (Act no 114 from 1992, accompanied by public notice nr. 395/1992, issued by the Ministry of the Environment).

General nature conservation is related to nature as a whole, to all animals, plants and fungi. Noone is allowed to destroy any organism by for example excessive gathering or destroying their living conditions, nobody is allowed to cut down trees in free nature without permission and so on. Specific conservation is related to protected species of animal, plant or fungus (which are listed in the Ministry of the Environment's public notice), to trees of monumental beauty and to selected areas of land. Protected areas are important for the conservation of entire ecosystems, and are highly significant for maintaining the most interesting parts of our natural heritage and for the research of natural relationships. These areas are divided according to size into protected areas of small and of large size.

Map of protected areas in region Český Krumlov

It has become hard to find any piece of nature or scenery in its pure and original form nowadays - and we will certainly not find it in Central Europe. Every piece of its land has been ploughed, sowed and harvested hundreds of times, every piece of its forests a hundred times cut down and replanted. Everything has been influenced by man in one way or another. This does not mean, however, that the impact of man on nature and landscape is always only negative. Thanks to sensible land cultivation (especially in the field of agriculture and forestry), the omnipresent forests were gradually shaped into a colourful pattern of harmonic scenery, enriched with elements that needed no virgin forests for their development but rather various types of woodlessness maintained by man (meadows, fields, pastures, ponds and the like). As mankind still lived in perfect understanding with land and nature not long ago (after all, they did spend every day in the midst of it, and it supplied them with their daily needs), ecosystems developed which may be artificial but do work in a very similar way to natural ecosystems (the Třeboň district being a good example).

Today we can distinguish between two kinds of valuable land as far as nature is concerned; one that is designated for a certain degree of originality and where people have not had a primary impact on its present-day shape (e.g. the National Nature Reserve of Čertova stěna and Luč) and the other whose authors are to a greater or lesser extent people (e.g. the forest-like steppes of the National Nature Reserve Vyšenské kopce created by long-term pasturing). Based on this, two main approaches of nature and landscape conservation can be differentiated: either we try to protect it against anthropogenic impacts, or on the contrary we try to ensure the kind of cultivation which has formed the given places into what they are.

The organs of the state responsible for nature conservation are town councils, district councils, the administrations of national parks and protected landscape areas, the Czech Environment Inspection (nature conservation division) and the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic. Contrary to past legislation, the administrations of national parks and protected landscape areas are now on the same state administrative level in nature conservation as district councils (in whose area the district council does not exercise state administrative power in nature conservation). In national parks as well, they carry out state administrative power in fishing and the conservation of agricultural land. This entire matter is resolved by Act no. 114/1992.


Further information :
Description of Natural Conditions in the Český Krumlov Region
Large-area preserves in the Český Krumlov Region
Small-Area reserves in the Český Krumlov Region


© Sdružení Oficiálního informačního systému Český Krumlov, 2000
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