Adalbert Stifter´s Route
 

If we would go looking for a personality connected with the Šumava area, we would always find Adalbert Stifter.

This native of Horní Planá is well remembered in the Český Krumlov region in the area of German literature. His books were issued a number of times in Austria and Germany, and were also translated into different languages - Czech, English, Hungarian, Japanese, even Esperanto.

Stifter (born 1805, died 1868) belonged to the type of people who did not concentrate on one subject only. Already as a student he was interested in law and the natural sciences. He had a talent for painting, which he discovered before he discovered his writing skills. He was an tutor for several aristocratic Austrian families, and he tried to use his experience in the office of the School Inspector of Primary Schools in Linz (Upper Austria). He learnt the value of culture and arts in the upbringing and education of people, and he contributed to spreading them, to the preservation of historical monuments, and supported writers and artists. Most important of all is his literary work. As a writer he was very much influenced by his Šumava origins, appreciating the beauties of nature there and the interesting lives of its people.

Today Stifter is considered one of the important predecessors of modern literature, and an example of a humanist and enlightener.

The humanist message has something to say even in today's and future Czech - Austrian and Czech - German relationships. Adalbert Stifter, a man and a writer, presents the ideal of the Czech - German coexistence based on morality and law, on equality and peace.

We can find monuments and remembrances of Adalbert Stifter on both sides of the border. In Horní Planá it is the house no. 21, in which the memorial exhibition of literature is installed. Here too, starts the viewing route, founded in 1985 for tourists, named Stifter´s Route.

The route is 6,5 km long, and it leads us from the birth house of the writer, via the square around the church of St. Margaret to the top of Dobrá Voda. In the square, there is the building of the former schools which Stifter used to attend. There is a memorial with a bronze statue of A. Stifter by Karel Wilfert in Dobrá Voda dating from 1906.

From the path leading away from the memorial, there is a magnificent view onto the tops of Smrčina and Plechý, where at the summit of Jezerní stěna above the Plešné Lake is Stifter´s obelisk. The water-level here at Lipno Dam hides the so called "Heart of the Vltava River".

The route continues in the direction of Hodňov. There is a magnificent view of the town Horní Planá, the lake and the forests of Smrčina, and the peaks of the Šumava on the Austrian side of the border. On one of them you can see the viewing tower Moldaublick above the city Ulrichsberg. In good climate conditions, the peaks of the Austrian Alps can be seen. The route continues around the torso of the well known Stifter´s oak tree, which is one of the oldest trees in the region. Stifter often mentions it in his work. Then we come to the view point above the recreation village Karlovy Dvory, where you can see Little Castle Vítkův hrádek with the large lake. On some days, the peak of Dachstein in the Alps can be seen. Stifter´s route ends in the recreation centre Karlovy Dvory, or you can return to Horní Planá.

Another monument reminding us of Adalbert Stifter may be found in the village Frymburk, where Stifter´s first love Fanni Greip came from. In the park in the square, there is a monument of A. Stifter, a bronze sculpture on a stone plinth.

Stifter´s obelisk above the Plešné lake was opened to the public again in 1990. It is situated in difficult tourist terrain, in the Natural preserve Trojmezná hora, which is a protected area of international importance. Stifter´s monument was built 1311 m above sea level in the years between 1876 and 1877. It is made of ashlars of Pleknštejn granite, and it is 14.5 meters high. At the front there are the words "A. Stifter, dem Dichter des Hochwald" ( to A. Stifter, the poet of the High forest), at the lake side "Errichted 1876 - 1877", at the left side "Auf diesem Anger, an diesem Wasser ist der Herzoslag des Waldes" (At this place, by this water, beats the heart of the forest), on the right side there is a piece of Stifter´s poem "Im Gebirge" (In the Mountains):"Lieg in hohes Gras gebettet, schaue sehnend nach der Felswaldt" (Lying in the high grass, I passionately watch the rock wall).

In front of the monument, there is a rock plateau with a view of the Plešné Lake with the mountains of Smrčina in the distance, and the valley of the river Vltava with the Lipno Dam. Želnavská mountains and Jelení mountains can also be seen from here.

A copy of the Stifter´s obelisk also stands on the Austrian side of the border above the town Aigen-Schlägl in the Bärensterin mountains. Nearby we can also find a hostel named after Stifter.

We also meet the name of Adalbert Stifter on the public paths of our neighbours. A part of the route from the Bavarian Třístoličník to Trojmezná mountain is called Adalbert Stifter Steig. On the Austrian side of the border near Plechový, there is the Stifter´s spring - Adalbert Stifter Quele. If you wish to visit these places, do not forget the legal border system, and in your own interest use one of the border crossings!

(pj)

Further information :
District Museum of Natinal History in Český Krumlov
Tourism in the Český Krumlov Region
Šumava National Park and Nature Reserve
Click-sensitive map of The Educational Footpath Called The Gate Into The Nove Hrady Mountains Range

 



© Sdružení Oficiálního informačního systému Český Krumlov, 1999
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