The Archaeological research of the yard behind the houses No 25, 27 in Radniční Street
 

  The entire courtyard plan of the block of houses in Panská and Radniční Street during the archaeological researches in the years 1999-2001
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Some of the parts of the yards as well as the house interiors were being searched from the year 1999 to 2001 as the inseparable part of the whole medieval resident unit called "městiště" /municipality/(picture 1). The ruins of three extinct objects were uncovered. The most worthwhile pieces of knowledge about the medieval orderliness were brought by the oblong object which was situated in the extension of the building plot site bound of the house No 20. Much older brickwork closing the suteren room occured under the moderner walls and floors. A part of the interior covered up with the modern demolished layers was uncovered. The original floor was at the depth of 2,5 m from the surface made of bigger stones. The object seems to originate from the end of the Middle Ages. The continuation on touchstone craftsmanship tradition was already recorded in 16th century and it is a very interesting finding for the modern period. It is represented by the liquefiable vessel with the emblem of the house of Eggenberg on the bottom.

The entire sight of one of the archaeological probes in the yard. The dark objects in which some pottery and Dutch glazed tiles were found are obvious, photo: Petr Hrubý
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  The ornamented edge of 'storage vessels' found in the sunk archaeological objects in the yard dating from the 15th - 16th century
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Besides the extinct interiors we managed to research the areas used as the open un-built up grounds in the Middle Age. For example, a few worth mentioning Archaeological objects near the yard of the original Gothic house No 27 were found and demonstrated by documentation. Those were mostly circular or irregularly oval holes sinking in the base and damaging the older medieval outflowing and thoroughfare layers made by people during several centuries ( picture 2). The hole fillings were mostly compact and unrepeated. According to the ceramics found in the hole fillings they are dated to the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the modern period, from the second half of 15th century to the half of 16th century (picture 3). One of the hole contained the exceptional collection of the Dutch stove tiles. In 16th or 17th century the owners of that period threw some parts of two older demolished stoves into it while rebuilding the house. Those were beautifully relief decorated tiles and ledge extentions of late Gothic style dating from the year 1500 to the first decades of 16th century.

The fragments of the Dutch glazed tiles with the Gothic leitmotif found in the yard in 1999, drawing: P. Týlešová
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  The fragments of the Dutch glazed tiles with the Gothic leitmotif found in the yard in 1999, photo: Petr Hrubý
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Those are solely tiles with the profane - architectonic ornamental motives. A numerous group is formed of the tiles made of the fine beige ceramic material without any inorganic ingredients and mica. We managed to reconstruct two types of tiles with the Renaissance architectonic motives. It is a chamber corner tile with the heated square-shaped front wall divided into two parts, tectonicly and ornately. One part of the tile which made the corner of the stove pedestal is ornamented with the Renaissance plastic relief. The second part of the tile is decorated with the five-petal rose relief in a few layers, which is purfled with the twisting and interwine relief motive. On the inner part of the plastic profile tile border are little embossed ornaments in the shape of four-petal flowers. Another type of the decorated chamber tile was oblong-shaped. The relief on its front wall was similar to the Renaissance plastic relief of the previous tile (picture 6). Some other types of tiles were not preserved in whole, for example, a few tile fragments with the leit-motif of the rose, stalk, sprouts and little leaves or a fragment with the ornamental architectonic motive of the heraldic concepted beard head with the open nozzle (picture 7).

The fragments of the Dutch glazed tiles with the Renaissance leitmotif found in the yard in 1999, drawing: P. Týlešová
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  The fragments of the Dutch glazed tiles with the Renaissance leitmotif found in the yard in 1999, drawing: P. Týlešová
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Some other stove parts were also preserved. Those are mostly decorated mantelpieces with the architectonic motives. They were closing the top ledge of the cylinder stove extention piece. There are the Gothic windows with the pointed arch (picture 4). The used ceramics material is ochre-brown (picture 5) with the considerable ingredient of mica scales on the surface. It influenced the whole appearance.

(ph)

Further information :
The Archaeological research of the town of Český Krumlov
The Archaeological research of the medieval town of Český Krumlov



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