The archaeological research of the house No.25 in Radniční Street

  The ground plan of the house No.25. The searched areas in its ground-floor are marked
Pic. 1
In 1999 there was an archaeological research of the Gothic house No. 25 interiors conjoined with the house restoration. The excavation work of the corridor wing and contiguous rooms where the Renaissance vault fillings were also searched in the ground-floor brought the most interesting results. The research work done by firm ARCHEOS followed up with the previous probing done by the archaeologists (the Český Krumlov District National History and Geography Museum) in 1994 (picture 1).

Several probes were done in the carriageway leading into the house. The floor made of the stone plates was uncovered entirely. It covered the thoroughfare layer of settlement dating from the Middle Ages /the 13th century/, and a large number of pottery. They managed to uncover the original part of the wooden floor (picture 2).

Even such rare discoveries can help us prove the lifestyle of those living in the town during its oldest period (picture 3). The excavated pottery and the extinct wooden floors already used in the 13th century tell us the age of the layers. Various types of pots and pot-lids can be seen, the crockery widely spread in the Middle Ages. On the other hand the storage vessels - larger vessels being used to store food are missing. A single fragment of a very rare cup with a handle was also found. The ornaments / a multiple horizontal line or a cut ripple / rank the cup to the end of the 13th century. At the pot bottom was a typical 13th century mark (picture 4).

The ground plan of the excavation in the ground-floor of the house No.25 with its wooden floor remains and pottery dating from the Middle Ages.
Obr. 2
  The pottery dating from the 13th century excavated in the ground-floor of the house No.25. Photo: P. Hrubý.
Obr. 3

The hollow bowl fragment found in the citizen area is also very remarkable. The bowl made of pottery clay has a shape of the horse head (picture 5). Such pots were originally used for liturgical purposes, and later they were brought to the profane background. They were especially used by the high society in order to wash hands during the banquet. The fragment represents the part of the horse head with its ear, eye, forehead and temples. Its mane falling down along its temples is made of the pottery clay. It is a band with four lines made by delicate dense puncture. The preserved part of the halter is made of the pottery clay by deeper punctures. The fabric print is remarkable under its eye inside the bowl.

The vessel bottom with its mark found in the ground-floor of the house No.25 dating from the 13th century.
Pic. 4


Further information :
The archaeological researches in the town of Český Krumlov
The archaeological research of the medieval town of Český Krumlov

© Sdružení Oficiálního informačního systému Český Krumlov, 2002
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